The ECTS grading scale is a tool that facilitates the transfer of academic results (expressed in grades) between different national evaluation systems. It has been adopted by the Universities in countries belonging to the European Higher Education Area, making it possible to convert grades from one country into the grades of another, according to rules shared at the European level.
The different national evaluation systems are related to each other via the single ECTS scale, which compares the statistical distribution of grades in the different systems. The ECTS scale is based on the results obtained by a homogeneous group of students in a given period of time, according to the following rule:
- grade A corresponds to the grades obtained by the best 10% of students;
- grade B corresponds to the grades obtained by the next 25%;
- grade C corresponds to the grades obtained by the next 30%;
- grade D corresponds to the grades obtained by the next 25%;
- grade E corresponds to the grades obtained by the last 10%.
Each value on the ECTS scale corresponds to a varying interval of grades in the national systems.
In order to render the conversion system more transparent and comprehensible, the University of Siena has adopted the ECTS grading tables, which provide a corresponding ECTS grade for each positive grade on the Italian scale, based on the abovementioned rules. These tables are updated annually.
It is important to underline that the ECTS scale makes it possible to transfer grades only between universities in countries belonging to the European Higher Education Area.
In other countries different grading systems exist and sometimes coexist, but general mechanisms for the conversion of grades, like that of the ECTS, have not been defined.
- FOR FURTHER INFORMATION > TABELLE DI CONVERSIONE VOTI ECTS 2015-16 (italian version)