Physiology of sensory, tactile and proprioceptive sensitivity, thermal sensitivity, pain and analgesia, acoustic sensitivity, vestibular apparatus, physiological optics, Physiology of the retina, the central optical paths, Taste, Smell.
Nervous control of visceral functions
Respiratory regulation, autonomic nervous system, smooth muscle, hypothalamus, Circadian rhythms, and blood-brain barriers, Regulation of body temperature.
Morpho-functional organization of the gastrointestinal system, Higher food pathway, gastric functions, small intestine functions, digestion and intestinal absorption, Large Intestine, Liver, Nutrition, Energy metabolism of activity and basal metabolism.
Elements of renal function, glomerular filtration, tubular transport mechanisms, tubular functions, integrated kidney functions.
respiratory functions, features Morphofunctional lung, ventilatory function, exchanges of gases between compartments, Mechanics and Energy respiratory, upper airways, homeostatic regulation of breathing.
Endocrinology and reproductive system
General endocrinology, hypothalamus and pituitary, thyroid, adrenal capsules, Gonads, pancreatic and gastrointestinal hormones, hormonal control of calcium and phosphate homeostasis, physiology of bones and joints, male and female genital system, male and female Gonads, sex differences