Students should know the main neurological diseases, their respective causes and therapies and the general principles of neuro-rehabilitation. Students should also know the main instrumental methodologies for their diagnosis. In particular, the course content includes: types of headaches (migraine, tension-type headache, cluster headache, facial neuralgias), cerebrovascular diseases (cerebral ischaemia, TIA, intracerebralischaemias, subarachnoid haemorrhages, subdural haematomas, arterial venous malformations), neurodegenerative diseases (1. Dementias: Alzheimer dementia, vascular dementia, frontal dementia; 2. Motoneuron diseases: amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, spinal amyotrophies, primary lateral sclerosis, spastic spinal paralysis; 3. Extrapyramidal system diseases: Parkinson’s disease, Huntington chorea, dystonias, ballism, tics; 4. Acquired and hereditary ataxias; 5. Prion diseases), diseases associated to consciousness alterations (1. Epilepsy; 2. Coma), sleep physiopathology, central and peripheral demyelinating diseases (1. Multiple sclerosis, 2.Guillain-Barrè syndrome, 3.Leukodystrophies, polyneuropathies), infectious diseases (1. Bacterial and viral meningitis;2.Cerebral abscess; 3.Types of encephalitis; 4.Neurosyphilis; 5.NeuroAIDS; 6. Mycoses; 7. Spongiform encephalopathies), myopathies and neuropathies (1. Muscular dystrophies, 2.Myositis, metabolic and toxic myopathies, 3.Congenital myopathies, myotonias, 4.Genetic neuropathies, 5.Metabolic neuropathies, 7.Motor multifocal neuropathy, 8. Polyneuritis), myasthenia and myastheniform syndromes, Central/Peripheral Nervous System and nerve tumors, nervous system traumas, hydrocephalus, cranial nerve diseases (1. Facial paresis, 2.Trigeminal neuralgia), lesions of roots and plexuses.
Finally, students should be familiar with the main forms of metabolic disorders of the Central/Peripheral Nervous System and muscles.