The course of the Roman Criminal Law (40 hours) will focus on the theme of criminal repression in ancient Rome, which will be addressed in its aspects of both procedural and substantive, from the republic average, until the age of Severi. Will mention, therefore, the seizure process (and the related issue of provocatio to popolum), while we will focus more fully on extracomiziale forms of repression, and on the first SO-CALLED quaestiones extraordinariae, on perpetuae quaestiones of the Republican period and the various regulatory measures that over time they modified; They will, then, the 'cognitio extra ordinem' old imperial high and rules in Rome disciplined the initiative of the criminal process.
The second part of the course will monographic. It will be reflected on the interesting teaching each other of criminal law in the Roman world: while the institutional manual of Gaius, of the mid-second century AD, does not seem to pay any attention to the various issues related to law and criminal trial, that of Justinian He closes with a title devoted professedly to those arguments. In fact, already in the Severian illustration of the various leges publicae, which in the last century of the republic and in the first few days of the principality had ruled on several crimina, simultaneously governs the repression, it had been the subject of discussion at least in the Institutiones of Marciano . It would seem possible that the slow and progressive acquisition by some jurists, first, of their students and other recipients of their works, then the full awareness of the importance, in the context of the basic legal studies, knowledge of crimes and procedural rules aimed at their sanction, now, now, privileged object of the contemporary imperial constitutions, there may have been already in the early third century, the writer of elementary didactic works (or at least some of them) to reserve a portion of their exposure to traditional figures of various iudicia publica