Physico-chemical approaches for monitoring atmospheric contaminants. The determination of their effects and those of climate changes on organisms. The role of mosses, lichens and higher plants as biomonitors of persistent atmospheric contaminants. The development of monitoring projects, selection of environmental matrices, sampling strategies, collection and analysis of samples, interpretation and representation of the results.
Soil formation processes, the main natural an anthropogenic factors affecting soil properties and functions. Responses of biotic communities to soil pollutants, metal bioaccumulators in abandoned mining and smelting areas, bioremediation of polluted soils.
Physical and chemical properties of seawater, oceanic circulation, the continental shelf and ocean basin provinces. Ecological factors in the marine environment, biozones, plankton, nekton and benthos. Marine sediments and their properties, the coastal sedimentary environment; the impact of human activities: trawling and other fishing activities, oil spills, sewage and other organic wastes, fertilizers, heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants. The marine law: territorial seas and the contiguous zone, fishing and conservation of living resources. Climate change and the immigrations of alien species in the Mediterranean Sea. The role of waters, sediments and organisms in the assessments of marine environmental quality. Sampling procedures and analytical determination of nutrients and chlorophyll in seawater; the determination of trace metal and organic pollutant concentrations in sediments, macroalgae and mussels. Benthic communities as indicators of environmental quality.