Generalities about Anatomy, organs, systems and apparati; General structure of human body (regions and cavities); anatomic position and planes;
Functions of the skeletal system. Generalities about bones, and their structure. Blood and nerve supply of the bones. Denomination and position of bones. Outline of the skull, vertebral column and pelvis.
Definition of joint and its function. Classification of the joints based on their mobility, and means of union. Outline and classification of fibrous, cartilagineous and synovial joints.
Outline and function of muscles. Classification of muscles. Muscle structure; fasciae and retinacula,
Overview of blood and lymphatic circulatory systems. Organs of the cardio-vascular system. Pulmonary and systemic circulation. Morphology and structure of the heart. Outlines of systematic anatomy of the circulatory system. Portal circulation. Structure of the blood vessels. Outline of the lymphatic circulatory system.
Overview of the system, its functions and organs. Morphology of the mouth and mouth vestibule. Morphology and structure of the tongue and main salivary glands. Outline of the pharynx. Morphology and structure of the esophagus. Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity; retroperitoneal and intraperitoneal organs. Morphology and structure of the stomach. Morphology and structure of the small intestine and large intestine. Morphology, relations and structure of the liver. Biliary tree. The gallbladder and its structure. Morphology and structure of the pancreas.
Overview of the system, its functions and organs. Airways and lungs. Nasal cavities and their structure; paranasal sinues. Morphology and structure of the larynx; Morphology and structure of the trachea and the main bronchi. Morphology and structure of lungs and pleurae
Concepts of endocrine secretion. Overview of the system and its organs. Hypothalamus: hypophysis and the hypothalomohypophyseal tract. Anterior and posterior lobes; hypophyseal portal veins. Endocrine pancreas. Thyroid gland. Adrenal glands. Parathyroid glands. Outline of the endocrine functions of other organs (heart, kidney, liver.).
Overview of the system, general functions and organs. Shape, position, and relations of the kidneys. Morphology and structure of the kidneys; nephron; Renin-angiotensin system; Urinary calyx, pelvis and ureter. Urinary bladder. Urethra.
Organi linfoidi primari (timo e midollo osseo) e secondari. Morfologia e struttura del timo, milza e MALT
Primary lymphoid organs (thymus and bone marrow) and secondary lymphoid organs. Morphology and structure of the spleen, thymus, and MALT.
Overview of the system; CNS, PNS. White and grey matter. Outline on the motor and sensory fibers. Classification of the different types of sensory information. Spinal nerve composition. Somatic and autonomous nervous systems. Sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. Sensory receptors. Outline of meninges, ventricular system, choroid plexi. Outlines of the morphology and structure of the spinal cord, brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon and telencephalon
Overview of the male genital system; morphology and structure of the testis. Description and structure of the intratesticular ducts and efferent duct system.
Overview of the female genital system. Morphology and structure of the ovary, corpus luteum. uterine tubes, uterus and vagina.
Structure of gustative buds; Structure of the olfactory epihtelium. Morphology and structure of the eye and adnexes. Morphology and structure of the ear. Structure of the inner ear: vestibulum and Corti’s organ.