Plant physiology: Mineral nutrition: classification and function of mineral elements. Nitrogen cycle. Root water uptake and transport. Evapotranspiration. Phloem transport of organic solutes. Secondary metabolites. The physiological effects of plant hormones.
Plant Biochemistry: Plastids. Carbon autotrophy: Chemosynthesis, Photosynthesis, Chemosynthetic Organisms, Photosynthetic Organisms. Photosynthesis: Pigments, Excitation of Pigments, Energy Transfer, Photochemistry, Electron transfer. ATP Synthesis, Regulation of Light Energy Utilization, Calvin Cycle, Photorespiration, C4 Photosynthesis, Crassulacean Acid Metabolism, C3-C4 Intermediates, Sucrose, Starch. Plant Lipid Metabolism: Fatty Acid Biosynthesis, Triacylglycerol Synthesis, Lipid Storages, Mobilization of Lipid Storages. Plant Cell Wall.