GENERAL PATHOLOGY. Inflammatory process: causes and general
characteristics. Vascular and cellular events of acute inflammation, types of exudate
and main chemical mediators. Outcomes of acute inflammation. Chronic
inflammation and its main features. Caracteristics of immunological response. Cells of immune system and phases of immune response. Caracteristics of antigens and antibodies. Cellular damage: causes and
effects (cellular adaptation, reversible and irreversible damage, necrosis and
apoptosis). Diseases from environmental agents. Tumors: definition, general characteristics and classification. Cancer biological behaviour. Molecular basis of cancer. Oncogenes. Cancerogenesis
PATHOLOGY: The history of pathological anatomy; Introduction to the general concepts of pathological anatomy; Methods used in pathological anatomy; Molecular basis of neoplastic disease; Environmental factors and cancer: occupational tumors; Melanoma; Mesothelioma
Bacterial cell and Gram staining. Pathogenicity mechanisms of bacteria and host
defenses. Antibiotic therapy.
Viral architecture. Viral multiplication. Acute, latent, persistent, chronic and slow
viral infections, and malignant transformation.
Main infections of the respiratory tract. Tuberculosis and Influenza.