ANATOMY Know the levels of structural organization of living matter. Anatomical terminology: terms of location and movement. MUSCOLOSKELETAL SYSTEMDistinguish and define the long bones, short and flat. Know the classification of joints. Know and describe all the bones of the human body. Describe the skull as a whole to identify the joints of the head and describe the temporomandibular joint.Being able to describe the mm. masseter, temporal, and internal pterygoid. Know the muscles of the neck: suprahyoid, and sottoioidei side. Identify the characteristics common to all the vertebrae and those specific to each segment of the spine. Define the joints of the vertebrae between themselves and with the contiguous bones. Describe the rib cage. Identify and locate the following muscles of the thoracic region: intrinsic mm of the chest (mm.intercostali), mm. extrinsic thoracic (trapezius, latissimus dorsi, pectoralis minor and major, diaphragm). Identify and locate the muscles of the abdomen (rectum with its sheath, external oblique, internal oblique, transverse, and quadratus lumborum) and the inguinal canal. Having an overview of the upper limb. Describe the clavicle, scapula, humerus, radius, ulna, hand, the complex of the shoulder joint, elbow joint. Define the joint radiocarpica. Know the muscles of the shoulder and between the arm muscles, the biceps and triceps brachii. Having an overview of the lower limb. Describe the hip bone, the pelvis as a whole, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, foot. Describe the sacroiliac joint, symphysis pubis, hip, knee and ankle. Understanding between the iliopsoas muscle and hip mm large medium and small buttock. Know the anterior and posterior muscles of the thigh and leg. Among the posterior muscles of the leg know the triceps surae. CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM Describe the systemic and pulmonary circulation, the shape, position and relation of the heart. Describe in detail the functional morphology of the atria, ventricles and valves of the heart in relation to the cardiac cycle. Know the anatomical components of the heart conduction system; the topography of the thoraco-heart. Illustrate in detail the coronary circulation; have an overview of the arterial, capillary and venous systems, knowing the general arrangement, the structural characteristics and the systematic of arteries and veins in order to describe the course of the blood from the heart to main organs and from these to the heart. Illustrate he circulation of blood in the fetus to term and the changes occurring at birth. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM The student will: describe the oral cavity and salivary glands, pharynx and esophagus in relation to their functions in digestion; have an overview of the peritoneum, explain how the peritoneal coating affects the motility of the peritoneal organs, describe the shape, position, relations and structure of the stomach, small and large intestine in relation to their functions; describe shape, position and relations of the liver and biliary tract correlating the structural morphology of the hepatocyte with its functions; understand the importance of portal system, describe shape, position and relations of the pancreas and explain its structure and functions.
The PHYSIOLOGY program will include: male and female physiology, body woter and fluids, omeostasis, compartments, osmolarity, blood, coagulation, neurons, channels, electrophysiology, membrane potential, synapse .