Definition and objectives of epidemiology
• Natural history of disease: infectious diseases, chronic diseases.
• Risk factors: genetic, behavioral, environmental
Epidemiological measures and data sources
• Types of epidemiological measures: number of events, relationships, proportions, rates;
• Incidence and Prevalence.
• Relative Risk, Odds Ratio, Attributable Risk.
• The criteria of the association, confounding and interaction.
• indicators, data sources and their quality.
• The questionnaire.
• health information system.
• The role of the physician in the proper collection of epidemiological data.
• The international classification of diseases, injuries and death.
Elements of Demography
• Definition and scope of demography.
• The censuses: distribution by gender and age of the population; population movements; standardization of rates; mortality.
• Classification of studies: observational studies, experimental studies.
• descriptive and analytical studies.
• Cross-sectional studies.
• The case - control studies.
• Longitudinal studies.
• Experimental studies.
Studies on the state of health: assessment of the state of health of a community, and the evaluation of quality and health interventions.
• Definition of screening.
• Characteristics of a screening test.
• Sensitivity, specificity, predictive values and time of early diagnosis.
• The pharmacoepidemiology.