The first module is designed to provide a broad overview, however brief, of the origin and the main issues faced by the discipline, with a historical-analytical approach.
Students will learn the specific point of view with which sociology analyzes society, both in the macro-aspects and in the microsocial; in particular, attention will be focused on the fundamental concepts of sociology, the proper use of its language, themes, and critical analysis.
The course addresses a major concern of the sociological tradition, that is the dilemma between freedom and determinism for individual action and the paradigms of order and structure, conflict and action through the study of the "classics" of sociology, in particular, Comte, Durkheim, Weber, Simmel, Tonnies, Parsons, etc. The process of socialization and some related issues such as the formation of values and social norms and deviance will also be studied.
The second module "accompanies" the student along some of the themes developed from the traditional sociological research such as the social role of religion and family, stratification and social mobility, inequality, migration processes, the complexity and cultural pluralism, etc..
Particular attention will be devoted to the concept of social integration: from classical-style functionalist interpretation, will be offered food for thought on the meaning of integration in modern pluralistic and multicultural society using the results of empirical research. Finally, the last part of the course will be devoted to some theories emerged recenthy, suck as "degrowth", stressing the virtues and contradictions.