Positional isomerism. Stereoisomery: symmetry elements, chirality. Symmetric, dissymmetric, asymmetric molecules. Diastereoisomery and enantiomery, Asymmetric carbon atom, optycal activity, specific rotatory power. Fischer representation, absolute and relative configuration, R,S and D,L convention. Compounds with two or more asymmetric centers, meso-forms. Separations of enantiomers. Chemical reactivity and asymmetry, racemisation, asymmetric induction. Enantiomeric eccess and optical purity. Geometrical and conformational isomerism. Tautomery or equilibrium isomery.
Definition, nomenclature, structure, physical properties, chemical reactivity, synthetic methods and utility of the main classes of organic compounds: Hydrocarbons (alkanes or paraffins, cycloalkanes, alkenes or olefines, dienes and polienes, alkins, mono- and poli-arenes); halogeno derivatives, organometallic compounds; Alkools and eters, thioalkools and thioethers, phenols; Amines, nitroso- and nitro-derivatives; Carbonyl compounds and derivatives (imines, hydrazones, oximes); Carboxylic acids and derivatives (nytriles, anhydrides, esters, amides, acyl halogenides); Carbonic acid derivatives; Polyfunctional compounds (dioxo-compounds, dicarboxylic acids, hydroxy- and amino-acids, triglycerides; Polymers.