Definition of the terms "etiology" and "pathogenesis". The concept of disease process, disease and health. History of General Pathology. Areas of study of Pathology.
Analysis of morphological and functional alterations of the cells, as the starting point of all disease processes. Pathology of cellular differentiation: hyperplasia, hypertrophy, atrophy, dysplasia, metaplasia. Adaptation and cell damage: autophagy, necrosis and apoptosis.
Etiology of the inflammation. Acute and chronic inflammation. The angiophlogosis vascular changes and cellular phenomena. Chemical mediators of inflammation: mediators of cellular origin and fluid phase. Outcomes and resolution of acute inflammation.
The etiology of chronic granulomatous and non-granulomatous systemic manifestations of inflammation, sepsis and acute phase proteins.
Etiology of the liver: basic functions, diseases and research of symptoms. Blood tests to identify disorders of the liver
Etiology of acute coronary syndrome, description and dosage of Myoglobin, CK, CK-MB and troponin, troponin high sensitivity and proBNP.
Etiology excretory apparatus: exocrine and endocrine kidney functions. Analysis of renal function: measurement of glomerular filtration rate, tubular function analysis and examination urine. Classification of renal diseases: glomerular, interstitial, tubular and vascular.
Kidney failure, acute and chronic. Uremic syndrome, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. The nephrolithiasis.
Etiology of pancreatic exocrine and endocrine pancreas, and blood tests for identify the disorders of the pancreas.
Pancreatic diseases: diabetes mellitus type I and II, pancreatitis and metabolic syndrome.