Generalities on tissues and histologic staining. Epithelial tissue; Connective tissue. Classification of the connective tissue. Loose, dense, reticular, and elastic connective tissues. Cartilage; Hyaline, elastic and fibrous cartilages. Bone tissue; d immature bone. Endochondral and intramembranous ossification. Adipose tissue; Blood; Lymphoid tissue. Immunological outline. Nerve tissue. Muscle tissue. Skeletal and cardiac muscle tissue. Smooth muscle cells.
Functions of the skeletal system. Generality about bones, and their structure. Definition of joint and its function. Classification of the joints based on their mobility, and means of union. Outline and function of muscles. Classification of muscles based on their shape, function, number of insertions, number of bellies, and musculo-tendineous junctions. Overview of blood and lymphatic systems. Organs of the cardio-vascular system. Pulmonary and systemic circulation. The heart. Pericardium. Portal circulation and porto-systemic anastomoses. Fetal circulation. Structure and classification of blood vessels.
Overview of the digestive system. Morphology of the mouth and mouth vestibule. Morphology and structure of the tongue. Morphology and structure main salivary glands. Morphology and structure of the pharynx; Morphology and structure of the esophagus. Abdominal quadrants. Peritoneum and peritoneal cavity; retroperitoneal and intraperitoneal organs. Morphology and structure of the stomach. Morphology and structure of the small intestine; Morphology and structure of the large intestine. Outline of the liver blood supply. Morphology and structure of the liver; Biliary tree. Morphology and structure of the pancreas.
Overview of the respiratory system. Airways and lungs. Nasal and paranasal cavities and their structure; Morphology and structure of the larynx; Morphology and structure of the trachea and the main bronchi. Morphology and structure of the lungs and pleurae.
Overview of the endocrine system and its organs. Hypothalamus: hypophysis and the hypothalomohypophyseal tract. Hypophyseal portal veins. Endocrine pancreas. Adrenal glands; Thyroid gland. Parathyroid glands.
Overview of the urinary system. Morphology and structure of the kidneys. Minor and major calyxes, renal pelvis. Ureters. Urinary bladder. Urethra.
Primary lymphoid organs (thymus and bone marrow) and secondary lymphoid organs. Morphology and structure of spleen, thymus and lymphnodes; MALT.
Overview of the nervous system; central and peripheral nervous system. Outline on the motor and sensory fibers and the differentiation in somatic and visceral components. Classification of the different types of sensory information. Functional differentiation of the nervous system in: somatic and autonomous nervous systems. Sympathetic and parasympathetic systems. Sensory receptors. Meninges, ventricular system. Spinal cord, brainstem, cerebellum, diencephalon and telencephalon
Overview of the male and female genital systems; Structure and morphology of the testis, ovaries. Uterine tubes; Uterus
Morphology and structure of the skin
Morphology and structure of the eye and middle and inner ear. Skin structure and morphology