"EUROPE WANTS IT". ITALIAN REPUBLIC AND ITS MEPS (MEMBERS OF EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT)
In the current phase of strong globalization, the political, economic, social and even cultural evolution of a country must increasingly take into account supranational realities. In the case of Italy, our thoughts immediately turn to its international alliances, her Atlantic dimension, the weight of the United States of America and the 'special relationship' that Rome has with them. But democratic Italy was also a founding member of the European Economic Community, later the European Union, and in Europe many aspects of its recent history have been at stake.
In many moments in its republican history, including recent ones, Italy has resorted to the European 'external constraint', or had to take it into account. 'Europe wants it', Italian rulers have often said.
But what is Europe doing for Italy? And, above all, what is Italy doing in Europe?
The process of building the European Union, today not without difficulty, is by definition a multidimensional one: it own political, diplomatic, economic, social and cultural levels.
This course will carefully examine one of these levels of the Italian presence in Europe the political presence. The activity of the Italian parliamentarians elected to the European Parliament can in fact now be analyzed thanks to a new availability of documentary sources that are very well suited to consider which Italian political circles are really interested in the prospect of European integration, what they do in order to achieve it, in which fields they are present, what are the results of their action. Although the competences of the European Parliament may seem limited, the role of MEPs has too often been ignored and underestimated. Studying their action - in the most diverse sectors, from social to economic, from cultural to political ones - also allows us to overcome a narrowly national approach to contemporary history towards a more international and transnational perspective, as is necessary.
The course aims to provide basic information on this topic. It will therefore not be a course of political history (or, at least, not only) as it will try to understand which social, political, economic and cultural interests, and even ideals, lie behind the activity of the Italian MEPs.
In short, through this study, this year the attention of the course continues and widens its approach to the history of Italian Republic: four years ago the subject of the course was the Left, three years ago the Right, two years ago Populism, last year the great social changes Italy has faced since 1945.
Through the analysis of this political presence in Europe, this year the course aims to examine many aspects of Italian history during and after the Cold War, to investigate her changes and the reciprocal relations between society and politics in the Italian crisis.
Designed in two modules, with lectures by the teacher the first module of this course will mainly be about the parallel building in Italy of democracy and its contribution to the process of European integration.