General Pathology Course
Introduction to Pathology.
Basic concepts of health and disease. Study of the underlying causes (etiology) and mechanisms (pathogenesis) leading to disease. Genetic and environmental causes of disease.
Acute inflammation: vascular changes and exudate formation. Chemical mediators of inflammation. Cellular events: leukocyte migration and phagocytosis. Chronic inflammation. Wound healing.
Immunity and diseases of immunity: Antigens. B and T lymphocytes. Humoral and cell-mediated immunity. Autoimmune diseases, immunodeficiency and hypersensitivity reactions mentioned.
Carcinogenesis and Neoplasia.
General characteristics of tumor cells growth. Metastasis. Nomenclature. Molecular basis of cancer: protooncogenes, oncogenes and antioncogenes. Carcinogenic agents: chemical, radiation and viral carcinogenesis. Familial cancers. Host defense against tumors: tumor immunity. Paraneoplastic syndromes. Epidemiology and risk factors mentioned. Grading and staging of cancer. Tumor antigens.
Disorders ofPatologia Cellulare e della matrice. Morte cellulare.
Disorders of growth and differentiation (hypertrophy and hyperplasia, atrophy and metaplasia); response to cellular injury (steatosis); storage diseases (glycogen storage diseases); tissue depositions (amyloidosis). Cellular injury and death: apoptosis and necrosis.
Hyperthermia and fever. Causes and pathogenesis of hemodynamic disorders: hyperemia, hemorrhage, thrombosis, atherosclerosis, embolism, stroke and shock.
Program Applied Hygiene: Hygiene and Public Health, Prevention I, II, III, Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases, Vaccinations, Disinfection and Sterilization, sanitization in the dental environment, cross-infections in dental office, Dental caries (Epidemiology and Prevention), the water in dental office.
Program General Microbiology. Introduction to microbiology. Bacteriology: bacterial cell, classification of bacteria, bacterial growth and metabolism, bacterial spores, bacterial genetics, mechanisms of pathogenicity, antibiotics, antibiotic resistance, general principles of laboratory diagnosis of bacterial infections. Virology: viral architecture, viral replication, viral classification, viral cultivation, pathogenicity mechanisms of viruses, antiviral drugs. Mycology: structure of fungi, reproduction of fungi, pathogenicity mechanisms of fungi, antifungal agents. Prions: structure and associated diseases. Parasitology : general information on parasites.
Program of Pathological Anatomy.
· Introduction Pathological Anatomy
· Benign and non malignant oral lesions
. Noninfectious erosive and hyperkeratotic lesions of oral tissues
· The pre-cancerous lesions of the oral cavity
· Tumors of the oral cavity