Physiology: Mineral nutrition: classification and function of mineral elements. Nitrogen cycle. Root water uptake and transport. Evapotranspiration. Phloem transport of organic solutes. Secondary metabolites. The physiological effects of plant hormones.
Biochemistry: Plastids, Photosynthesis: Pigments, Excitation of Pigments,Energy Transfer, Photochemistry, Electron transfer
ATP Synthesis, Regulation of Light Energy Utilization, Calvin Cycle, Photorespiration, C4 Photosynthesis, Crassulacean Acid Metabolism, C3-C4 Intermediates
Plant Lipid Metabolism:Fatty Acid Biosynthesis,Triacylglycerol Synthesis, Lipid Storages, Mobilization of Lipid Storages
Plant Cell Wall