LABORATORY (preliminary to the lectures). Practise in lithic technology, typology and use-wear analysis using archaeological finds and casts and 3D digital microscopy. Direct experimentation on the flint knapping process.
History of the prehistoric research in Italy and Europe. Typology of prehistoric sites and range of anthropic remains collected in the excavations. Articulation and climatic-environmental variations of the Quaternary. Notes on the Ominisation process. Most important trends and methodologies in the study of Palaeolithic. The earliest lithic complex: the Olduvaian in Africa. The dispersal of Humans into Eurasia: the lower Palaeolithic period (lithic and bone industries, site structures, economy). Neanderthal culture: the Mousterian (lithic and bone industries, site structures, economy, symbolic behaviour). European cultural complexes of last Neanderthals compared with Early Modern Humans. Main complexes of the Upper Palaeolithic: Aurignacian, Gravettian, Solutrean, Maddalenian, Epigravettian (lithic and bone industries, site structures, economy, symbolic behaviour, art). Mesolithic period and the transition from the hunter/gatherer economy to the production economy.