The course provides a general overview of the microbial world, particularly of human pathogens. Special focus is devoted to antimicrobial and antiviral drugs, their mechanisms of action and drug resistance issues.
The microbial world. Differences and similarities among bacteria, viruses and fungi. Classification of microorganisms and viruses pathogenic to humans.
Basic Epidemiology. Observational and experimental studies. Prevalence and incidence. Occurrence, risk and impact measures.
Bacteriology and Mycology. The bacterial and fungal cell. Basics of bacterial metabolism, genetics and pathogenicity. Human defences and vaccines against bacteria. Cultivation of bacteria and fungi. Procedures in diagnostic bacteriology and mycology. Antimicrobials and antimicrobial chemotherapy. Tests for measuring susceptibility to antimicrobials in vitro. Bacteria of major medical interest.
Virology. The nature and structure of viruses. Viral genetics and mechanisms of pathogenicity. Human defences and vaccines against viruses. Cultivation of viruses. Procedures in diagnostic virology. Antiviral compounds and antiviral therapy. Tests for measuring susceptibility to antivirals. Viruses of major medical interest.