A new scene of thought: David Hume and the problem of knowledge.
In 1734 the Scottish philosopher David Hume (1711-1776) started developping a idea, present to his mind since 1729 when he discovered a new scene of thought, which was able to trasform the philosophical research which was to be founded on solid bases.
Between 1739 and 1740 Hume published A Treatise of Human Nature which contains the results of his enquiries which used the experimental method of reasoning in the field of the moral topics. Hume aimed at creating a new and trustworthy science of Human Nature.
The Treatise was not successful, and Hume started publishing short essays, and in 1748 he resumed the epistemological topics of the first Book of A Treatise published the Philosophical Essays concerning Human Understanding, better known as A Enquiry concerning Human Understanding.
The course will focus on the Enquiry which is the main text of the lectures.
After having considered, in a general way, the problem of the knowledge from Descartes to Locke and Berkeley, the course aims at enlightening Hume’s extraordinary and revolutionary contribution to this problem. Through an accurate reading of Hume’s Enquiry the main topics of Hume’s philosophy will be considered, that is knowledge and probability, features and limits of skepticism in the field of the human knowledge.