Sexual differences. Gender medicine
The neuron. Transmission of nerve impulses: action potential, transmitters, synapses, receptors. Sensitivities: somatestesthetic sensitivity, pain, touch and pressure, thermal sensitivity.
Muscle: biochemical and mechanical aspects of muscle contraction.
Peripheral nervous system and spinal cord. Reflex movements.
Hypothalamus, autonomic nervous system.
Language, sleep, EEG
Fundamental processes of renal function: filtration, reabsorption, secretion; active transport mechanisms and passive transport; concept of maximum tubular transport, diabetes mellitus; urine concentration mechanisms; countercurrent multiplication; role of urea, the vasa recta; concepts of glomerular filtration and clearance.
Regulatory mechanisms of glomerular filtration.
The reflection of urination.
Blood: main classes of blood proteins and their functions; oncotic pressure. Blood groups. Coagulation
Cardiac muscle tissue: action potential, excitation contraction coupling, heart rate regulation. Electrocardiogram.
The heart as a pump: diastole, systole, pressure and volume variations; the tones; cardiac output
Circulatory system: pressure, flow and resistance variation; capillary filtration rules.
Properties of gases. Partial pressures. Gas diffusion through biological membranes. Respiratory mechanics. Breathing control. Transport of gases in the blood.
General principles of digestion and absorption of food. Mouth. Stomach: control of HCl and pepsin production. Duodenal pancreatic system: pancreatic enzymes, hormonal control of pancreatic secretion, bile. Small and large intestine. Nervous and humoral control of intestinal motility. Gastro-intestinal hormones.
General information on hormones. Glands. Pituitary gland: neurohypophysis and adenohypophysis, Thyroid, Gonads, Adrenals