1960S IN ITALY: ART BETWEEN CULTURE AND SOCIETY
"The Sixties – as John Lennon said - have witnessed a revolution among young people, which was not limited to just a few small segments or classes, but that involved the whole way of thinking". A cultural revolt and one of lifestyles that has gone through the entire decade: from the peak of the economic boom, which invests Italy and other industrialized European nations; to the years of students riots and those marked, between the end of the decade and the early Seventies, from workers' strikes to severe social tensions. The slogan "The fantasy will destroy the power and a laugh will bury you!", appropriate by student protest movement of 1968 fully summarizes the experiences, the movements, the groups and the protagonists of a great season of radical vitality for the Italian art.
Aim of the course is to give the student the ability to read what the trends and fashions of the art of that decade have produced, proven to be decisive for the full recognition of Italian art on the international scene, both autonomously and in a mutual exchange with what was happening in New York and Paris.
The first focus will be on the legacy left by the expressions of the Italian informal, in particular to the experiences of Alberto Burri and Lucio Fontana; then the analysis of the movements and personalities that characterize the new scene, designed by the Neoavanguardie, around the half of the decade, from the New Figuration to the declinations of Pop Art, the programmed Art, the Neoconcretism, the 'groups' and the personality that leave the conventional art 'venues', like museums and galleries. In this context, the attention will focus on the experience of Pino Pascali, a prominent artist who died untimely, in September 1968.
Finally, the years of the protest, marked by the new choices that Italian art, at the end of the Sixties, records: from the birth of the Arte Povera group to its dissolution, from the first experiences of environmental interventions in the community realm, to the numerous exhibitions set up during the decade (Bologna, 1962, L'Aquila from 1962 to 1968, Foligno, 1967, Amalfi, 1966, 1967.1968, San Benedetto del Tronto and Como, 1969, Volterra, 1973).