Considering the computer tools of simple "appliances", ie inert devices, would be a serious mistake. Since the late seventies it was clear to some philosophers of science and technology, in particular to the American Don Ihde, the non-neutrality of technological tools. Today this principle is widely shared and technologies are considered as "cultural tools" that are never neutral, just as the questions, strategies and methods applied in archaeological research are not. We must therefore be aware of the fact that questions, strategies, methods and consequently the applied technologies, although within certain limits, condition when they do not even predetermine the results of the research. The archaeologist Gary Lock in the introduction to one of the first and most important texts on the use of information technology in archeology reminds us that not only the use of digital tools change the way of doing things but, even more importantly, they change the way we think about what we do and why we do it, influencing the theoretical foundations of archaeological thought.