Object and furnishing between art and industry: from the Universal Exposition of London to the School of Ulm (1851-1968)
The course will analyze the evolution of the production of objects and furnishings from the mid-19th century to the 60s of the 20th century. This evolution is characterized by the oft-debated and problematic relationship between art, crafts and industry. It is also is at the origin of the modern conception of design.
This process will be tackled through the analysis of the main theoretical and productive stages: from the radical positions of Morris during the second half of the 19th century which exclude any intervention of the machine, to the gradual approach between art and industry in the Art Nouveau and the Viennese Secession at the turn of the century, until the programmatic alliance advocated by the Deutsche Werkbund and ultimately implemented in the 1920s, thanks also to the contribution of the avant-garde (futurism, cubism, De Stijl), in the German Bauhaus and the Soviet Vchutemas, and developed in the following decades at the international level with different modes of expression and production, from the United States to Italy, from Scandinavia to post-war Germany (Ulm School).
We will also provide notions on architectural production between the mid-19th century and the mid-20th century. Such notions are essential to fully understand the process linked with the origins, the birth and the varied diffusion of industrial design, and to theoretical debates.