Students of History must complete their training by gaining an adequate basic knowledge of the evolution of modern and contemporary historiography. The course aims to present the development of the Historical Studies since the age of Enlightenment up to our days, in order to analyse how the different historiographies (political, economic, social, military and cultural) evolved. The program will discuss in general terms the following historians and arguments:
- The beginning of scientific historical writing (Voltaire, Ranke, Marx, Burckhardt, Langlois-Seignobos)
- The historiographical revolution of Les Annales (Bloch, Febvre, Braudel, Le Goff)
- British historiography between Marxism and History of the World (Barraclough, Carr, Toynbee, Mc.Neill)
- Postmodernism and the sixties transition (Topolski, Marwick)
- New Historiographies: microhistory, the impact of psychology, gender history, oral history, orientalism, cultural history (Ginzburg, Koselleck, De Certeau, Scott, Vansina, Said, Tosh, Burke - Prost – Cannadine).
- World History (Wallerstein, Iggers, Wang)
- Extraeuropean historiographies (East-Asia, India, Middle East, Europa Orientale and Russia)
- Italian historiography and historians (Croce, Salvemini, Volpe, Chabod, After-1945, Risorgimento, Fascism and later renewal).
- The problems of current historical writing (history and memory, political use of history, revisionism and revision).