Basic knowledge of ancient and medieval history, with particular reference to the historical geography of Italy; lexical familiarity with Latin; basic knowledge of the English language.
The diachronic vision, spaces and interdisciplinary approach are the keywords of Landscape Archaeology. The course introduces the student to the issues concerning the shape of Italy's rural landscapes, providing a suitable theoretical basis, and proposing a holistic approach to the discipline and to the preservation problems.
This field of contemporary archaeology has three main aims: the reconstruction of past landscapes, proactive conservation of the contemporary landscape, public and social dissemination of knowledge.
The Landscape Archaeology is the field of archaeological research which attempts to reconstruct the mode of operation of the places in the different periods of the past. The archaeological approach (diachronic and stratigraphic), unavoidable, is integrated with those of other interdisciplinary areas. The explanation of a landscape of the past can be hidden between the lines of a medieval document as well as the understanding of a proto-historic landscape may have left traces in the natural history of that context. In such cases, the archaeologist of the landscapes can trigger a cognitive process that will lead to the conclusion with the help of other specialists.
I. The archaeologist and the landscapes. What is and what is intended the Landscape Archaeology.
II. Many types of sources, many approaches, many purposes.
III. The landscape as a historical formation: research, preservation, communication.
IV. Methods of archaeological field research and ways of data processing.
V. Case studies.
VI. Basic Workshop on Geographical Informational Systems.
1. What is archaeology of landscapes: archaeology, stratifications, geographies
2. Ancient landscapes and contemporary society: conservation, research, public communication.
3. The sources for the reconstruction of the landscapes of the past
4. Italy seen through the lens of the stratification of landscapes (yesterday and today)
5. The landscape seen by men of the past: from peregrinationi to drone
6. Italian archaeology: a view
7. Contexts: archaeology and geography
8. Archaeological sites and survey in the Mediterranean area
9. Archaeology viewed from the air
10. Middle course written test
12. Territorial infrastructures. The roads
13. Territorial infrastructures. Agrarian divisions
14. Case study. The Maremma
15. Case study. The Mount Amiata
16. Case study. The territory of Brindisi
17. Case study. Segesta and its territory
18. Case study. Populonia and its territory
- F. Cambi, Manuale di archeologia dei paesaggi antichi. Metodologia, procedure, tecnologie, Roma, Carocci, 2011.
- R. Francovich, D. Manacorda, Dizionario di archeologia, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2000.
A written test will be carried out in mid the course. The final exam is still to be decided.