Rus. Roots and models of Roman agrarian prosperity
The course focuses on the evolution of the landscapes of the Roman period and is divided into three parts.
Section 1. Theories, approaches, methodologies.
The first part of the course illustrates the assumptions and foundations of contemporary archaeology: theories, methodologies, procedural issues, and applied research technologies. Main points: Global History and Archaeology of Landscapes; Enlightenment, positivism, marxism in archeology; The British geographical archaeology; New Archaeology; Post-processualism; Mediterranean archaeology.
Section 2. Landscapes and geographies of pre-Roman and Roman Italy. Territories. Resources. Articulated supply basins. Typologies of territorialization. Comparative agriculture and functional and settlement models: the anactora and the Etruscan world; The oikoi and the Greek world; The épauleis and the punic world. middle and late Republican Rome.
Agricultural resources. Forest resources. Mining resources.
Visible and invisible landscapes.
Section 3. Study cases.
The Advanced Laboratory of Geographic Information Systems is an integral part of the course.