Sample preparation and preliminary analysis (appearance, color, solubility)
Flame test, borax bead test, phosphate bead test
Systematic procedure for the qualitative analysis of cations: I-VI groups
Qualitative analysis of anions in basic solution (halogenide, sulphate, oxalate, nitrate, nitrite, tartrate, phosphate) and on the mixture (carbonate, acetate, borate, nitrate, oxalate)
Special tests: blue coat (Sn), oxidizing flux (Cr e Mn), test with Co(NO3)2 (Zn e Al), chromyl cloride test (cloruri), Crum test (Mn), identification of Cr(III) with strong oxidizing substances, identification of ammonium salts, test with Devarda’s alloy (nitrate), Turner’s flux method (borate)
Analysis in small test tubes: heating of the sole mixture or with sodium thiosulphate.