NEWS FROM NOWHERE
UTOPIAN CITIES OF THE 20th CENTURY
The title of the course draws on the famous novel by William Morris (1891) which is the seminal utopia of Modernity. The relationship between utopia and architecture is complex and fascinating at the same time because it encompasses various fields: from society to politics, from ideology to spiritualism. In each case, the utopian cities projects are reflective of a distress and a global crisis which one tries to solve through a form of radical “palingenesis”.
Utopia weaves its way through the whole 20th Century. It, however, heightened its presence in specific periods, e.g., in the Avant-garde of the early post-WWI, during the 1960s marked by the demise of Modern Movement, or over the last thirty years. The various expressions of utopia (e.g., Olbrich, Garnier, Sant’Elia, Wright, Ferriss, Le Corbusier, Constant, Archigram, Krier, Speer) vary from a future-oriented to a backward-looking vision.