Morphology of tissues: epithelial tissue, connective tissue, cartilagineous tissue, bone tissue, blood, muscle and nervous tissues.GENERAL ORGANIZZATION OF HUMAN BODY .HUMAN BODY REGIONS.THE CAVITIES OF HUMAN BODY.AXES AND PLANES OF HUMAN BODY . ANATOMIC TERMINOLOGY. SHORT NOTES ON IMAGING TECHNIQUES.MORPHOLOGICAL MACROSCOPIC AND MICROSCOPIC FUNCTIONAL ASPECTS OF:LOCOMOTOR SYSTEM:STRUCTURE OF BONES.TYPES OF BONES.AXIAL AND APPENDICULAR SKELETON.THE SKULL AND THE CAVITIES OF THE SKULL.JOINTS.CLASSIFICATION OF JOINTS. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE MUSCLES .MAIN MUSCLE GROUPS OF HEAD AND BODY.CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.EXSTERNAL AND INTERNAL MORPHOLOGY OF HEART .MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURE OF HEART. BLOOD AND LYMPHATIC VESSELS. CLASSIFICATION AND STRUCTURE OF BLOOD AND LYMPHATIC VESSELS
THE AORTA AND ITS DIVISIONS.THE CAVE VEIN SYSTEM.THE PORTAL VEIN .RESPIRATORY SYSTEM: MACROSCOPIC AND STRUCTURAL ASPECTS OF THE UPPER AND LOWER AIRWAYS,LUNGS AND PLEURA.DIGESTIVE SYSTEM AND RELATED GLANDS : MACROSCOPIC AND STRUCTURAL ASPECTS .URINARY SYSTEM : MORPHOLOGY AND MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURE OF THE KIDNEY AND URINARY TRACT.
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM.Homeostasis. Cell membrane: composition and fluid mosaic model. Membrane proteins and their functions: cell recognition (MHC), cytoskeletal or matrix adhesion (CAM), cellular connections (desmosomes, gap junction channels, tight junctions). transport (simple diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion and active transport). Simple diffusion.Osmosis.Facilitated diffusion.Active transport. Electrical properties of biological membranes.Resting potential.Action potential.Propagation of action potential along the axon, Schwann cells and myelin, salt conduction and conduction velocity. Neurons and glia (Ranvier nodes). Synaptic transmission: types of synapses (electrical and chemical).Elements of embryology and anatomical-functional subdivision of the nervous system (central and peripheral nervous system). Brain: trunk of the brain, forebrain, midbrain, myelencephalon. Blood-brain barrier, cerebrospinal fluid, encephalic perfusion and encephalic metabolism. Basic functions of the nervous system. Nerve cells and glial cells. Early stages of information processing Objective sensory physiology Stimulus processing in neuronal networks Somatovisceral sensibility Fundamental concepts of somatovisceral sensitivity Mechanical sensitivity of body surface Thermal sensitivity Deep sensitivity and proprioception Visceral sensitivity Nociception and pain Sensory systems of the spinal cord Encephalic sensory systems. Integrative functions of the brain. Fundamentals of cognitive functions Organization of the cerebral cortex Cognition and emotion The limbic system Motivation Reward and dependence Synaptic plasticity and learning Brain development: plasticity linked to development and experience Hemispheric lateralization Language Non-invasive methods for measuring brain functions Waking and sleep: rhythms brain in the profile of the electroencephalogram Reflexes. Neurovegetative regulation Neurotransmitters: noradrenaline, serotonin, dopamine and acetylcholine. Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system. Cholinergic (nicotinic and muscarinic) and noradrenergic receptors (alpha and beta). Hearing view. Cortical centers of word processing. Blood: functions and composition, hematocrit, erythrocytes and hemoglobin (hemoglobin dissociation curve), blood groups, hematopoiesis, platelets and haemostasis, leukocytes (neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, lymphocytes and monocytes). Heart and circulation basic principles of cardiocirculatory functions.